Taking in Lodgers to Help With the Mortgage
Taking in a lodger has become increasingly popular with homeowners who need extra income to cover mortgage payments. Whilst sharing one's home with a stranger might not be for everyone it can be a quick and easy way to boost income. Some lodgers may live in the property full time whereas others may only be there during the working week or during term time if the lodger is a student or teacher.
Checking with the Mortgage Company Before Getting a LodgerMany residential mortgage agreements state that the mortgaged property is to be lived in by the borrower or borrowers and their immediate family only. Were a borrower to put a tenant in the property, they would usually need the written consent of their lender or risk being in breach of the terms and conditions of the mortgage. A mortgage lender who agrees to a tenant living in the property may change the terms of the mortgage by, for example, increasing the interest rate charged.
Where a borrower intends to continue using the property as their home but wants to take in a lodger to help with the bills a mortgage lender may consent to this without changing the terms of the mortgage. However, the mortgage lender should still be consulted before a lodger moves in. Homeowners who take in a lodger without consulting their mortgage lender may find that they are in breach of their mortgage terms.
Other Checks Before Taking a LodgerThe company who provides building and / or contents insurance for a property must also be consulted before a lodger moves in. The insurance company will almost certainly consider a lodger to represent a change in circumstances. This is likely to negate the insurance policy – invalidating any claims the homeowner subsequently makes on it. Therefore, the insurance company’s authorisation should be obtained before a lodger moves in.
Owners of leasehold properties should consult the terms of their lease or check with the owner of the freehold to ensure that they will not breach their lease by taking a lodger. Having a lodger may also affect the homeowner’s entitlement to certain state benefits. Therefore the lodger should be declared to the relevant agencies. Failure to do so could mean that the homeowner has committed benefit fraud.
The Government’s “Rent a Room” SchemeUnder the government’s rent a room scheme a homeowner may rent a room within their own home to a lodger and earn up to £4250 per year without paying tax on this income. The lodger may have use of more than one room to qualify under this scheme but the property must be the homeowner’s only or principal home.
Any extra charges the lodger pays towards additional services provided by the homeowner – such as meals or cleaning – are included in the £4250 for tax purposes. Expenses incurred by the homeowner in respect of the lodger may not be written off against tax. The rent a room scheme may not benefit all homeowners but may help those with minimal lodger income and expenses. For those who do not join the scheme the income earned from a lodger must be declared in the usual way for tax purposes as income from property.